Each raw diet has a requirement for raw edible bone and feeding raw meaty bones in appropriate amounts will fulfill it. Raw meaty bones are edible bones covered in muscle meat and connective tissues. The bones are soft enough to be eaten without causing damage. Bones are essential in a raw diets to provide necessary calcium and other nutrients which plays a vital role in creating firm stool.
Weight bearing, wreck, or recreational bones are found in large grazing animals (cow, venison, ox, etc.). These bones can cause fractures to teeth and jaw if your pet is an aggressive chewer. Additionally, if large pieces are ingested blockage could occur.
However if your pet is a gentle chewer and is not a gulper, large weight bearing bones can be fed with large amounts of meat still attached to encourage chewing. When providing a meaty weight bearing bone, supervision is crucial while your pet is eating and chewing to prevent any injuries. Take away the bone when all of the meat has been removed and save the bone to make a yummy bone broth!
The following information is average RMB recommendations based off of pet type and size. If you have a pet with gulping tendencies, it is recommended to feed larger items to encourage chewing and prevent choking.
Cats and small/tiny breed dogs require less dense bones which allows them to properly crush and digest the item without causing damage.
Medium breed dogs are flexible when it comes to providing RMBs. Additionally all recommendations for small breeds can be fed.
Large and giant breeds require larger cuts to prevent choking. Smaller RMBs can be fed to dogs who do not have tendencies to gulp.
Raw bones are safe for pets to eat because they are soft and easy to digest. In fact, raw bones are a well-balanced food for carnivores. They are a major source of calcium and phosphorus for the maintenance of their skeletons. The by-product of digested raw bones is the bulk that creates firm stool in carnivorous animals.
Cooked, smoked, and dehydrated bones are dangerous. These bones are dry and brittle which causes them to splinter. This happens because the very act of cooking bones changes the structure of the bone and removes all moisture. These bones should never be fed.